The most common foods recommended to replace potassium are oranges and bananas. Many other foods are rich in potassium. The average American diet contains 60-120 points of potassium per day. If you are on blood pressure medication and your doctor tells you to eat potassium foods, a good rule of thumb to follow is to eat about 20 extra potassium points per day. The list contains the food value of potassium. It would be a good idea to first study how much potassium you are eating each day. Continue reading →
It is good to select foods with no more than 140 mg of sodium per serving. Foods with more than 300 mg of sodium per serving may not fit into a reduced-sodium meal plan. You will get used to eating in a lower sodium way. It may take many weeks, so keep working hard at changing your eating habits. Read food labels carefully – Ingredients to avoid include salt, sodium, sodium chloride, monosodium glutamate (MSG), brine, broth, corned, pickled, and smoked. When purchasing convenient foods, buy low sodium varieties. Choose frozen dinners with less than 300 mg per serving.
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Sodium chloride is the chemical name for salt. The words salt and sodium are not exactly the same, yet these words are often used in place of each other. Americans consume too much sodium. High sodium consumption raises blood pressure, and high blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Reducing sodium intake can help lower these risks. To help protect your heart, make a commitment to: Continue reading →
The main function of phosphorus is in the formation of bones and teeth. It plays an important role in how the body uses carbohydrates and fats. It is also needed for the body to make protein for the growth, maintenance, and repair of cells and tissues. Phosphorus is so readily available in the food supply so deficiency is rare. Continue reading →
Potassium is an electrolyte that is critical to the function of nerve and muscle cells, including those in your heart. Some studies indicate that low potassium may contribute to hypertension, and that increasing potassium intake through diet may help prevent or help treat this problem. Other studies indicate that increased potassium intake is linked with a lower risk of stroke, but more research is needed.
Don’t take potassium supplements unless your doctor recommends them.
At present, the only physiologic role known for iodine in the human body is in the synthesis of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland.
Dietary sources The iodine content of food depends on the iodine content of the soil in which it is grown. The iodine present in the upper crust of earth is leached by glaciation and repeated flooding and is carried to the sea. Sea water is, therefore, a rich source of iodine. The seaweed located near coral reefs has an inherent biologic capacity to concentrate iodine from the sea. The reef fish which thrive on seaweed are rich in iodine.
Iron plays an essential role in delivering oxygen to the body via the bloodstream. It also has many muscular and metabolic functions. A lack of iron can lead to anemia and reduce your resistance to infection. Studies show that iron supplements can prevent or treat iron deficiency anemia. Research also has demonstrated that iron supplements may benefit women during menstruation or pregnancy. Iron deficiency is uncommon in postmenopausal women. Continue reading →
Zinc is needed for normal growth, development and sexual maturation, and helps regulate appetite, stress level, and sense of taste and smell. It also has antioxidant properties and plays an essential role in the immune system.
Studies have produced conflicting evidence on whether zinc lozenges reduce the duration and severity of cold symptoms. Some studies indicate that taking a daily multivitamin-mineral supplement may increase the immune response in older adults, while other studies suggest supplementation may weaken the immune response. Continue reading →
Selenium has antioxidant properties, which may help your body fight off illnesses. It also helps maintain the immune system and regulate thyroid function.
Some studies suggest that selenium may help prevent certain types of cancer. However, research on supplementation hasn’t demonstrated that selenium, in pill form, can aid in cancer prevention. Preliminary studies have also looked at the relationship between selenium and arthritis. So far, selenium supplements haven’t been recommended for any type of disease prevention. Continue reading →
Magnesium is involved in many biochemical reactions in the body, helping maintain normal heart rhythm, immune system and muscle function. Low magnesium levels are linked with a variety of conditions, including hypertension, heart disease, osteoporosis and poorly controlled diabetes. Use of certain medications, such as diuretics and some antibiotics, also may affect magnesium levels. Continue reading →